Painted Late Italian Renaissance Two-Door Credenza, Early to Mid 17th Century

SKU: 1021-81 Category: Tag:

$11,600.00

Painted Late Italian Renaissance Two-Door Credenza, Early to Mid 17th Century

SKU: 1021-81 Category: Tag:

$11,600.00

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Description

Hand-carved in Italy during the Late Renaissance (early to mid-1600’s), this stunning, painted two-door credenza features canted sides and carved armorial escutcheons. Fabulous details are prevalent throughout the piece, even on the four block feet, which have carved overlapping roundels and scrolls (which are also found on the drawer fronts).

Repeating lunettes embellish the edge of the half-octagonal top. In 17th century furniture, this style of décor was frequently filled with foliage (as ours is). The frieze beneath has an egg and dart motif above a recessed ledge interspersed with small corbels. Two small drawers are set in between the corbels on the front side. The craftsmanship of the frieze is phenomenal, as indicated by the drawer pulls, which are detailed mascarons.

The main body features two doors with recessed panels and molding festooned with repeating lunettes. This décor is also seen on the side panels, surrounding ovate medallions, scrolls, and foliage. In the center of each door is a scrolled coat of arms with a scalloped leaf crest. Each of the heraldic items has slightly different emblazoned elements. Both are kite shields with a central bend (band), but the escutcheon on the left door has one roundel above and three below the bend. The one on the right door does not have any circular elements, but instead has a foliate margent on the bend. Flanking each door is a composite order column front with chandelle fluting and a swag that drapes across the top of the column. Beneath the bases of the columns are three distinct layers of molding that runs along all sides.

At five and ¾ feet wide by two feet deep, the top offers a large surface area. The two doors also open to reveal a shaped, full-length shelf, offering additional storage/display space. Our rare painted Italian Renaissance two-door credenza would make a great addition to a hallway, living room, or dining room.

References:

“The credenza, the direct progenitor of the later sideboard, was one of the very early pieces of Italian cabinetwork and, next to the cassone, one of the most typical and important pieces of wall furniture.”

“By the 15th century, the credenza plainly reflected all the characteristics of Early Renaissance design by which other pieces of contemporary furniture were distinguished; in the 16th century its evolution continued, keeping pace with the tastes and preferences of the High Renaissance.”

“Another characteristic of Late Renaissance credenze was that they very generally had brackets- on the apron or frieze above the doors, at the ends and marking divisions between the drawers…When their fronts displayed pilasters, the plinths supporting them frequently broke out from the base and the mouldings of the frieze broke out above them… and the panelled doors with prominently raised mouldings are thouroughly typical of Late Renaissance usage.”

The Practical Book of Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Furniture. Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Roger Wearne Ramsdell. Philadelphia & London. J.B. Lippincott Company.  1927

CONDITION: Original condition with wear commensurate to age and use.  Solid structural condition with chipping, buildup, and wear to paint as seen in photos. Old insect damage in areas and an old square block repair to back. The top has a slight bend, which is normal for wood of this age. The decorative key does not activate the lock, but instead functions as a pull for the doors.

INFORMATION
Country Of Origin

Italy

Of The Period

Renaissance

Age

Early to Mid 1600's

Dimensions

H - 44, W - 69 1/2, D - 25 3/4

REQUEST MORE INFORMATION

Description

Hand-carved in Italy during the Late Renaissance (early to mid-1600’s), this stunning, painted two-door credenza features canted sides and carved armorial escutcheons. Fabulous details are prevalent throughout the piece, even on the four block feet, which have carved overlapping roundels and scrolls (which are also found on the drawer fronts).

Repeating lunettes embellish the edge of the half-octagonal top. In 17th century furniture, this style of décor was frequently filled with foliage (as ours is). The frieze beneath has an egg and dart motif above a recessed ledge interspersed with small corbels. Two small drawers are set in between the corbels on the front side. The craftsmanship of the frieze is phenomenal, as indicated by the drawer pulls, which are detailed mascarons.

The main body features two doors with recessed panels and molding festooned with repeating lunettes. This décor is also seen on the side panels, surrounding ovate medallions, scrolls, and foliage. In the center of each door is a scrolled coat of arms with a scalloped leaf crest. Each of the heraldic items has slightly different emblazoned elements. Both are kite shields with a central bend (band), but the escutcheon on the left door has one roundel above and three below the bend. The one on the right door does not have any circular elements, but instead has a foliate margent on the bend. Flanking each door is a composite order column front with chandelle fluting and a swag that drapes across the top of the column. Beneath the bases of the columns are three distinct layers of molding that runs along all sides.

At five and ¾ feet wide by two feet deep, the top offers a large surface area. The two doors also open to reveal a shaped, full-length shelf, offering additional storage/display space. Our rare painted Italian Renaissance two-door credenza would make a great addition to a hallway, living room, or dining room.

References:

“The credenza, the direct progenitor of the later sideboard, was one of the very early pieces of Italian cabinetwork and, next to the cassone, one of the most typical and important pieces of wall furniture.”

“By the 15th century, the credenza plainly reflected all the characteristics of Early Renaissance design by which other pieces of contemporary furniture were distinguished; in the 16th century its evolution continued, keeping pace with the tastes and preferences of the High Renaissance.”

“Another characteristic of Late Renaissance credenze was that they very generally had brackets- on the apron or frieze above the doors, at the ends and marking divisions between the drawers…When their fronts displayed pilasters, the plinths supporting them frequently broke out from the base and the mouldings of the frieze broke out above them… and the panelled doors with prominently raised mouldings are thouroughly typical of Late Renaissance usage.”

The Practical Book of Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese Furniture. Harold Donaldson Eberlein and Roger Wearne Ramsdell. Philadelphia & London. J.B. Lippincott Company.  1927

CONDITION: Original condition with wear commensurate to age and use.  Solid structural condition with chipping, buildup, and wear to paint as seen in photos. Old insect damage in areas and an old square block repair to back. The top has a slight bend, which is normal for wood of this age. The decorative key does not activate the lock, but instead functions as a pull for the doors.

INFORMATION
Country Of Origin

Italy

Of The Period

Renaissance

Age

Early to Mid 1600's

Dimensions

H - 44, W - 69 1/2, D - 25 3/4

REQUEST MORE INFORMATION