This elegant period Louis XV fauteuil, or armchair, was hand-carved from walnut wood in France during the 1700’s, by the master carpenter Nicolas Foliot.
Our fauteuil exhibits several traits of Louis XV chairs, such as sinuous carvings, curved legs, and a shoulder high seat back (ours is en arbalete, or a bow back). The top of the frame has an asymmetrical carving of a sinuous leaf surrounded by a gadrooned leaf and leaf curls. The shoulders and the point where the arms and legs join the frame all have leaf carvings. The base of the frame has another asymmetrical carving with a gadrooned and curled leaves and scrolls.
The legs curve gently outwards and are displayed in a style known as “roquillard”, meaning they terminate in scrolled feet embellished with an acanthus leaf. The legs do not align with the arm supports, which are also adorned with volute scrolls and acanthus leaves, as well as rosette heads.
In the case of our chair, the seat back is considered “A La Reine”, which means the back is flat. The shaped seat bends softly outwards, a shape mirrored by the frame. The seat, seat back and manchettes on the arms all feature a soft leather upholstery dyed light green. The fabric has been affixed via brass nailheads.
Nicolas-Quinibert Foliot (1706-1776) was born into a family of carpenters that became legendary with his success. Known as menuisier du Garde-Meuble du Roi, (roughly translated as “Furniture Maker to the King”), Foliot furnished several of Louis XV residences, most notably Compiègne and Fountainbleu (Louis XV did not enjoy Versailles that much, so he spent much of his time at these other royal residences). Most of the furniture created for Louis XV were not signed, indicating that this fauteuil was crafted for someone else of nobility. For over 40 years, Foliot supplied furnishings to the French court, operating his successful enterprise from his workshop in Paris.
Stamped “N.Q. Foliot” on the underneath of the frame.
CONDITION: Good antique condition commensurate with age and use. Traces of old wood worm and minor losses to carvings, with old repair to front leg. Leather upholstery is old, but not original to the chair. Leather has stains and buildup.